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How to maintain goldfish – a guide

Is the maintenance of goldfish complicated? When to change the water of the bowl? How much food to give … In this article I explain step by step what to do to have crystal clear water and healthy goldfish.

Maintaining a goldfish aquarium is not difficult, but requires regularity. There are two aspects to consider when talking about goldfish maintenance, the home aspect, jar or aquarium, and the regular maintenance needed for the fish. I will discuss these two scenarios and give you tips on proper maintenance following that your fish lives in a jar or in an aquarium.

Bowl Maintenance

A jar/bowl is really not an ideal place for your pet.  But if you have one then read on.

If you are reading this you already have a goldfish and a jar, I assume you have a standard jar with a single goldfish.

Give your goldfish food, granules is better, 2 to 3 times a day in small amounts. Begin by testing with 5 pellets, after 5 minutes there should be no residue at the bottom, if there are leftovers means that the dose is too big for the fish, decrease for the next times. Always remove unwashed pellets. The more your goldfish will eat, the more it will pollute its water with feces and the more you will have to make water changes.

When to change the Bowl water?

Change 1/3 of the water every 2 days. Once a week change the water completely and wash the jar and decorations with diluted bleach, rinse thoroughly and wipe with a clean cloth.

How to change the Bowl water?

For partial water change, use a small plastic glass to gently remove water from the surface. Fill the jar with water (leave water for 24 hours in an open container for evaporation of chlorine) at room temperature.  For the complete water change, place your goldfish in a container other than the time of cleaning. Pour 1/3 of the jar water into a bowl, for example, and use a small landing net to catch your fish and place it in the bowl. Yes, you have read correctly, in the water of his jar, because he is accustomed to it.
You can use a water conditioner to neutralize chlorine, but it is still essential to put fresh water back into the jar at room temperature.
Repeat this every week, be regular. If you forget to change the water for 3 days, do not panic, change 1/3 as expected the day before. If you forget to change the water for 4 days change the 3/4 of the water.

As you can see a jar is very constraining maintenance, not counting the smells that can be unpleasant from the droppings of your fish and the inevitable forgetfulness of water change. An aquarium maintenance is easier and less frequent. So you have everything to gain by using an aquarium equipped with a filter.

I have an aquarium with filter

Having an aquarium like a self cleaning one found here  simplifies certain things and greatly improves the quality of life of your goldfish. Be careful not to fall into the trap of very small aquariums (less than 50 liters), because in this case you will have the same maintenance to do as with a jar (see above). Even with the included filter always too small for goldfish, which are big polluters, simply because they are big fish. So you have an aquarium of over 50 liters with a filter and you want to know how to maintain it. Each week siphon 15% of the water from the aquarium and replace with water at room temperature.

Use a siphon with a bucket or an aquarium vacuum cleaner according to your preference. To fill your aquarium equip yourself with one or more plastic cans. Fill the container, leave it open, without a stopper for chlorine evaporation and bring it to room temperature. This water is then perfect to fill your aquarium. Never fill directly with tap water.

guide on teaching your dog to sit

All dogs should learn
basic obedience, especially sitting, when commanded to do so. Sitting on
command can be very beneficial to you and your dog especially when it comes to
situations where greetings are involved. You will not wake up one morning and
find out that your dog is able to sit. No, she/he needs proper training and
commitment. During training, you have to make it know that sitting is the
best way to attract people’s attention and also encourage them to say hello. Some
people think that teaching a dog is a task similar to rocket science, but no,
this is the simplest task ever. To help you understand how, the following is a
guide on teaching your dog to sit.

obedience for canines

Start with the Verbal Cue Technique

This involves guiding
your dog into a seat using a treat placed slightly above its nose. First you
have you have to hold the treat strategically between your thumb and fingers. With
the treat maintained at a distance of one inch above its nose, try to
move slowly towards a seat. Ensure that you maintain the one inch as failure
may cause the it not to move. When you get to the chair, try to guide the it into it by moving the treat over its head, this will force it to raise its nose
to follow the treat. This will make her behind move down towards the floor and
thus making her to sit. You can then give the treat to her. Make her to stand
again, and repeat the same procedure.

Remove the treat from your guiding hand

Once the dog has
gotten used to the treat. You can then omit it from the steps and use your
empty hand. Say the word sit and bring your hand just above its nose and guide
it. When its sits on the floor, applause it by saying yes you made it!!

Fade out the hand signal

After guiding the dog
with the hand for some time. Then try to lessen the amount of movement with
your hand. Just holdout out your hand above her head and chill for a while, and
say sit, most likely she will sit due to adaptation. Once it starts
responding properly to the word sit, then know that you are not far away from
making her respond to all your commands. To enhance this, you can always put
the treats close to where the dog sits, when she sits, say yes and give her the
treat. This will make her get used to sitting as she knows there is a reward

This are the simple
steps that you can employ to make your dog know how to sit easily.

Written by Annie Moore.